Difference between bacteria and fungi

5/5 - (1 vote)

Difference between bacteria and fungi :

Bacteria are tiny single celled organisms that live in water and soil. Fungi are plant-like organisms that live in the soil and produce spores.

Bacteria have round cells with a hard outer layer. They are mostly found in the ocean and soil. They can be good or bad depending on the environment and situation.

Fungus are plant like organisms that grow in the soil and produce spores.

Bacteria vs Fungi

Bacteria is one of the most common and important forms of microorganisms on earth. They are living organisms and are single-celled microorganisms. They are not multicellular like fungi. Fungi is multicellular life forms.

The main difference between both is that bacteria live on dry surfaces and are found everywhere.

On the other hand, fungi can grow only in wet environments and mostly live in moist environments. Both bacteria and fungi are microscopic organisms. Bacteria is not a fungus and fungus is not a bacterium.

What is bacteria

Bacteria is a microorganism that is very small in size. It is commonly found in soil, water, and air and lives in a variety of places including your body.

It is classified under the kingdom of Gram-negative bacteria. It is composed of many single-cell organisms.

It can be seen everywhere such as in your kitchen, bathroom, and even your food.

These microorganisms do not require oxygen to live and hence they live in anaerobic conditions.

They have the ability to reproduce rapidly and multiply easily. It is also known for its ability to change their physical shape.

A single cell can become many, and each of these cells can create thousands of new cells. These cells reproduce and grow within the host.

Hence, they can cause infections and disease.

difference between bacteria and fungi

What is Fungi

Fungi are microscopic organisms that are generally found on decaying plant matter.
These organisms are not visible to the naked eye and are usually characterized by their unique growth form.

It has been found to play an important role in the ecosystem.

They are also known to cause diseases in humans. They are classified into two major groups, the Ascomycetes and Basidiomycetes.

Fungi are single-celled organisms that have cell walls which contain cellulose and chitin.

They are considered as the most primitive eukaryotic cells. They do not possess mitochondria, and have no nucleus.

They lack chlorophyll and photosynthetic pigments.

The zygote that is formed in this process is known as a basidium.

The basidia is the site of spore production. In this process, the cytoplasm of the two parental nuclei mix and divide into four haploid spores.

They are mostly saprophytic in nature and thrive on dead organic material.

They play an important role in the decomposition of organic materials.

The main role of the fungi is to decompose dead organic matter. Fungi are often called as decomposers.

Some of its species have been found to have the ability to break down complex carbohydrates into simple sugars.

Some of them are able to produce enzymes that break down the complex carbohydrates into simple sugars.

The fruiting bodies of fungus are usually produced during the spring and autumn seasons. They are known to grow on decaying plants, fallen leaves, wood, and moist soil.

Difference between bacteria and fungi

Bacteria and Fungi are two very similar organisms, but they are very different from each other.

They have many similarities like they both are single-cell eukaryotes, but bacteria and fungi have major differences too.

Fungi grow in soil and plants and produce spores which can survive harsh environmental conditions. On the contrary, bacteria grow on moist surfaces and produce flagella to swim.

Bacteria do not form spores and they can live in diverse environments. Bacteria have a much higher metabolic rate than fungi.

Bacteria reproduce rapidly and they can change shape and size easily. However, fungi have no cell division, and they cannot change size or shape.

Bacteria and fungi are two different kinds of living organisms. They differ in size, shape, structure, and behavior.

The bacteria are very tiny organisms and mostly found in soil, water, and air. They have no cell walls and are very sensitive to heat, radiation, and other environmental changes.

The fungi are also small but larger in size than bacteria. They are plant-like organisms and grow in an underground chamber.

Fungi are found in moist and warm places like soil, compost, manure, and decaying matter.

They are not sensitive to heat, radiation, and other environmental changes and are very resistant to antibiotics.

Sharing Is Caring: